Leetcode: https://leetcode.com/problems/check-if-all-characters-have-equal-number-of-occurrences/

Problem:

Given a string s, return true if s is a good string, or false otherwise.

A string s is good if all the characters that appear in s have the same number of occurrences (i.e., the same frequency).

Example 1:

Input: s = "abacbc"
Output: true
Explanation: The characters that appear in s are 'a', 'b', and 'c'. All characters occur 2 times in s.

Example 2:

Input: s = "aaabb"
Output: false
Explanation: The characters that appear in s are 'a' and 'b'. …

Leetcode: https://leetcode.com/problems/replace-all-digits-with-characters/

Problem:

You are given a 0-indexed string s that has lowercase English letters in its even indices and digits in its odd indices.

There is a function shift(c, x), where c is a character and x is a digit, that returns the xth character after c.

  • For example, shift('a', 5) = 'f' and shift('x', 0) = 'x'.

For every odd index i, you want to replace the digit s[i] with shift(s[i-1], s[i]).

Return s after replacing all digits. It is guaranteed that shift(s[i-1], s[i]) will never exceed 'z'.

Example 1:

Input: s = "a1c1e1"
Output: "abcdef"
Explanation: The digits are…

Leetcode: https://leetcode.com/problems/check-if-word-equals-summation-of-two-words/

Problem:

The letter value of a letter is its position in the alphabet starting from 0 (i.e. 'a' -> 0, 'b' -> 1, 'c' -> 2, etc.).

The numerical value of some string of lowercase English letters s is the concatenation of the letter values of each letter in s, which is then converted into an integer.

  • For example, if s = "acb", we concatenate each letter's letter value, resulting in "021". After converting it, we get 21.

You are given three strings firstWord, secondWord, and targetWord, each consisting of lowercase English letters 'a' through 'j' inclusive.

Return…


Leetcode: https://leetcode.com/problems/truncate-sentence/

Problem:

A sentence is a list of words that are separated by a single space with no leading or trailing spaces. Each of the words consists of only uppercase and lowercase English letters (no punctuation).

  • For example, "Hello World", "HELLO", and "hello world hello world" are all sentences.

You are given a sentence s​​​​​​ and an integer k​​​​​​. You want to truncate s​​​​​​ such that it contains only the first k​​​​​​ words. Return s​​​​​​ after truncating it.

Example 1:

Input: s = "Hello how are you Contestant", k = 4
Output: "Hello how are you"
Explanation:
The words in s are…

Leetcode: https://leetcode.com/problems/sorting-the-sentence/

Problem:

A sentence is a list of words that are separated by a single space with no leading or trailing spaces. Each word consists of lowercase and uppercase English letters.

A sentence can be shuffled by appending the 1-indexed word position to each word then rearranging the words in the sentence.

  • For example, the sentence "This is a sentence" can be shuffled as "sentence4 a3 is2 This1" or "is2 sentence4 This1 a3".

Given a shuffled sentence s containing no more than 9 words, reconstruct and return the original sentence.

Example 1:

Input: s = "is2 sentence4 This1 a3"
Output…

Leetcode: https://leetcode.com/problems/roman-to-integer/

Problem:

Roman numerals are represented by seven different symbols: I, V, X, L, C, D and M.

Symbol       Value
I 1
V 5
X 10
L 50
C 100
D 500
M 1000

For example, 2 is written as II in Roman numeral, just two one's added together. 12 is written as XII, which is simply X + II. The number 27 is written as XXVII, which is XX + V + II.

Roman numerals are usually written largest to smallest from left to right. However, the numeral for four is not IIII. Instead, the number four is…


LeetCode: https://leetcode.com/problems/design-authentication-manager/

Problem:

There is an authentication system that works with authentication tokens. For each session, the user will receive a new authentication token that will expire timeToLive seconds after the currentTime. If the token is renewed, the expiry time will be extended to expire timeToLive seconds after the (potentially different) currentTime.

Implement the AuthenticationManager class:

  • AuthenticationManager(int timeToLive) constructs the AuthenticationManager and sets the timeToLive.
  • generate(string tokenId, int currentTime) generates a new token with the given tokenId at the given currentTime in seconds.
  • renew(string tokenId, int currentTime) renews the unexpired token with the given tokenId at the given currentTime in…

Leetcode: https://leetcode.com/problems/the-k-weakest-rows-in-a-matrix/

Problem:

You are given an m x n binary matrix mat of 1's (representing soldiers) and 0's (representing civilians). The soldiers are positioned in front of the civilians. That is, all the 1's will appear to the left of all the 0's in each row.

A row i is weaker than a row j if one of the following is true:

  • The number of soldiers in row i is less than the number of soldiers in row j.
  • Both rows have the same number of soldiers and i < j.

Return the indices of the k weakest rows…


Leetcode: https://leetcode.com/problems/merge-strings-alternately/

Problem:

You are given two strings word1 and word2. Merge the strings by adding letters in alternating order, starting with word1. If a string is longer than the other, append the additional letters onto the end of the merged string.

Return the merged string.

Example 1:

Input: word1 = "abc", word2 = "pqr"
Output: "apbqcr"
Explanation: The merged string will be merged as so:
word1: a b c
word2: p q r
merged: a p b q c r

Example 2:

Input: word1 = "ab", word2 = "pqrs"
Output: "apbqrs"
Explanation: Notice that as word2 is longer, "rs" is appended…

Matthew Boyd

Learning, and posting my findings!

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